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Title: Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans
Authors: Lazaridis, I.
Patterson, N.
Mittnik, A.
Renaud, G.
Churnosov, M. I.
Keywords: biology
human genetics
human genomes
ancient north Eurasians
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans / I. Lazaridis [et al.] // Nature. - 2014. - №513.-P. 409-413.
Abstract: We sequenced the genomes of a 7,000-year-old farmer from Germany and eight 8,000-year-old hunter-gatherers from Luxembourg and Sweden. We analysed these and other ancient genomes¹-₄ with 2,345 contemporary humans to show that most present-day Europeans derive from at least three highly differentiated populations:west European hunter-gatherers, who contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not to Near Easterners; ancient north Eurasians related to Upper Palaeolithic Siberians³, who contributed to both Europeans and Near Easterners; and early European farmers, who were mainly of Near Eastern origin but also harboured west European hunter-gatherer related ancestry.We model these populations’ deep relationships and show that early European farmers had 44% ancestry from a ‘basal Eurasian’ population that split before the diversification of other non-African lineages
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